The Nonprofit Quarterly : In one instance, a church lost its tax exemption, but we suspect that the IRS and the federal government in general are little interested in publicizing cases about the IRS telling ministers what they can and cannot say from the pulpit or on church websites. There is probably little appetite to take on Pastor Brown’s argument that the Americans United complaint is “just harassment and persecution of anti-religious people against people of faith.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State and allies send letter to Congress opposing parental choice in education
Americans United, Allied Groups Oppose Taxpayer Funding of Religious Schools In Washington, D.C. | Americans United: Americans United for Separation of Church and State has joined 52 educational, religious and public policy groups in calling on Congress not to divert taxpayer dollars to religious and other private schools in the District of Columbia.
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: Americans United for Separation of Church and State today warned the South Bend (Ind.) Common Council that its plan to use public funds to support a religious school is unconstitutional.
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: In a letter to the IRS, Americans United asserts that Tom Brown Ministries appears to have run afoul of federal tax law, which prohibits houses of worship, ministries and other 501(c)(3) non-profit groups from endorsing or opposing candidates.
Adelle M. Banks Religion News Service via National Catholic Reporter: David Cortman, senior counsel of the Alliance Defense Fund, which argued for both the National Day of Prayer and for the Arizona tuition credit program, is not surprised about strategies to move to the state courts. “If they can’t challenge them in federal courts, they’ll certainly challenge them in states,” he said, “but we’ll also be there to defend those programs.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: Americans United for Separation of Church and State has asked officials at a Texas school district to stop sponsoring prayers during high school graduation ceremonies. Two high schools within the Klein Independent School District — Klein High School and Klein Collins High School . . .
AU, Allied Groups Urge Obama To Discriminate Against Faith Based Organizations in Federal Contracting Policies
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: In 2002, President George W. Bush rolled back these protections by issuing a new order that allows religious organizations that receive government contracts to discriminate in hiring based on religion.
ACLU: Three civil liberties organizations filed suit today in Denver District Court to challenge a school voucher plan adopted by the Douglas County School District. The American Civil Liberties Union, the American Civil Liberties Union of Colorado and Americans United for Separation of Church and State sued on behalf of a group of parents, clergy and other taxpayers who oppose the program’s effort to divert taxpayer money to primarily religious, private schools. | Complaint: LaRue v. Colorado Board of Education
Brad Abramson on “Grassroots America: We the People”: The attack on a student’s graduation prayer in Texas
ADF attorney Brad Abramson appeared on the Grassroots America: We the People with George Stevenson to discuss the litigation in Schultz v. Medina Valley Independent School District. | MP3 audio 13:22 mins
Ken Klukowski at the Washington Examiner: James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and the rest of the framers of the Constitution would be astounded to hear a federal judge order a valedictorian’s prayer is not protected by the First Amendment, but marketing sickening video games to children is protected by the First Amendment.
Federal Judge Prohibits Prayer at Texas Graduation Ceremony: AG says I’ve never seen such a restriction on speech issued by a court
FoxNews.com: I’ve never seen such a restriction on speech issued by a court or the government,” Abbott told Fox News Radio. “It seems like a trampling of the First Amendment rather than protecting the First Amendment.”
OneNewsNow.com: Brett Harvey, senior legal counsel for Alliance Defense Fund responds. “Private speakers, whether they be students or outside speakers who have some reason to participate in the graduation ceremony, speak freely,” the attorney explains. “And [if] that person chooses to include a prayer as part of their message to the graduates, then that’s entirely constitutional.”
WWLTV.com: The ACLU and a couple of other organizations dedicated to the separation of church and state are asking for an apology after a student led a graduation ceremony crowd in the Lord’s Prayer despite warnings to refrain.
Atlanta J. Constitution: More than 2,000 Cherokee County high school graduates will walk across the stage of First Baptist Church of Woodstock to get their diplomas this weekend, despite a potential lawsuit from a civil liberties group over using the religious venue.
Religion Clause Blog: Finalizing action that Kentucky Governor Steve Beshear announced last year (see prior posting), the Kentucky Tourism and Development Finance Authority voted unanimously yesterday to grant $40 million in tax rebates to a Noah’s Ark theme part to be built by Answers in Genesis ministry.
Jim Campbell at the Speak Up Movement Church Blog: Last week, Americans United for Separation of Church of State accused the Alliance Defense Fund of working at “cross-purposes” by defending, in a petition recently filed with the U.S. Supreme Court, the Utah Highway Patrol Association’s secular use of roadside crosses to memorialize fallen troopers who died while serving the people of Utah. AU’s alleged outrage, its spokesperson claimed, stemmed from its unfounded assertion that the Alliance Defense Fund tried to “secularize [the] Christian symbol” of a Latin cross through its legal arguments.
Religion Clause Blog: “In Florence, South Carolina yesterday, the Florence School District 1 board unanimously but reluctantly banned administrators from sending religious messages to school employees.”
Huffington Post: The Alliance Defense Fund, which argued for the Arizona Christian School Tuition Organization, hailed the “national precedent” that will limit similar suits in federal courts. “The court’s reasoning is sound,” said ADF senior counsel David Cortman. “The government does not own 100 percent of every American’s paycheck. The donations are private money, not government money.” Americans United for Separation of Church and State agreed the decision could prevent federal court action on the issue in the future, but vowed to continue the fight in state courts. “This is not a good day for the wall of separation,” said the Rev. Barry Lynn, executive director of Americans United. “A few more bricks are out of it.”
Leader Telegram: The Alliance Defense Fund applauded the ruling and said it sets a “national precedent” that “empowers parents. (They) should be able to choose what’s best for their own children,” said David Cortman, its senior counsel.
Anniston Star: “And on the first day of the 2011 legislative session, Sen. Gerald Dial, R-Lineville, introduced a bill to amend the state constitution to allow the Ten Commandments to be displayed in public schools and buildings . . . The bill, officially Senate Bill 37, is already being eyed by the Alabama branch of the American Civil Liberties Union . . . ”
Americans U. for Separation of Church and State: “The U.S. Senate should reject a push to revive a controversial school voucher scheme in the District of Columbia, says Americans United for Separation of Church and State . . . ”
Opposing Views opinion by Americans U. for Separation of Church and State: Julea Ward, a self-described “orthodox Christian,” filed a lawsuit against the university, alleging that school officials violated her free speech and religious liberty rights. Represented by the Alliance Defense Fund, she claims she cannot “affirm any behavior that goes against what the Bible says” and would always refer to other counselors “all clients who seek counseling for sexual relationship issues she believes to be against the teachings of the Bible.”
Americans United Wall of Separation Blog: Zachary Kopplin, a senior at Baton Rouge Magnet High School, wants to see the 2008 Louisiana Science Education Act repealed, and he’s working with state Sen. Karen Carter Peterson (D-New Orleans) to garner support for a bill she plans to introduce in April that will do just that . . . When Gov. Bobby Jindal signed the measure back in 2008, Americans United warned that it was merely another attempt by creationists to slip fundamentalist religion into biology classes . . . ”
ADF attorney Erik Stanley writing at Speak Up Movement / Church: “The most recent ‘contribution’ to the hyperbolic musings of the [Americans United for Separation of Church and State] blog was this little piece that trumpeted that ADF has now ‘converted’ to AU’s position, and now believes that ‘separation of church and state’ is in the Constitution . . . The quote I made was in the context of a larger argument about the fact that there is a proper understanding that church and state should be separate in some ways. This is a view that ADF has always adhered to and fought for (which is also Jefferson’s view), that the state is prohibited from in any way attempting to control churches.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: “[Erik Stanley], senior legal counsel for the ADF, told the Religion News Service, ‘It makes no sense to tax churches and to limit their ability to provide their services, and it does damage to the constitutional separation between church and state.’ Yes, you read that right. The ADF has admitted that the separation of church and state is in fact a part of the U.S. Constitution.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: “House Speaker John Boehner’s plan to subsidize religious schools in the District of Columbia would undercut civil rights and civil liberties and add to the federal budget deficit, while failing to improve education, according to Americans United for Separation of Church and State.”
Fox News (AP): “A Johnson County man is suing the local government after officials rejected his proposal for a display on the separation of church and state in the courthouse’s ‘public forum’ area . . . The county commission rejected Stewart’s proposed display in June after consulting with the Alliance Defense Fund, a law firm dedicated to Christian advocacy.”
Humanist Examiner: “A Tennessee county faces a lawsuit for violating the separation of church and state. Americans United filed a lawsuit on behalf of resident Ralph Stewart challenging Tennessee’s Johnson County for an unconstitutional preference for Christianity . . . The county commission rejected Stewart’s proposed display in June after consulting with the Alliance Defense Fund, a law firm dedicated to Christian advocacy”
Common Dreams: “Americans United, a Washington, D.C.-based watchdog group, is challenging the Johnson County Commission’s decision to display the Ten Commandments and Christian literature in the courthouse lobby while refusing to display a local man’s posters about the historic role of church-state separation in American law.”
Shane Vander Hart writing at Caffeinated Thoughts: “I started to read over the weekend a new book by Dr. Wayne Grudem, professor of systematic theology at Phoenix Seminary called Politics According to the Bible. In the first chapter he discusses five wrong views about Christians and government. One of those is the view that government should exclude religion. This is the view that is promoted by groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and Americans United for Separation of Church and State.”
Yahoo Associated Content: “Last summer, residents of King, NC, were challenged for flying the Christian flag, but today, they seem to be enjoying a sort of victory . . . The Alliance Defense Fund was involved in helping King make this crucial decision . . . To date, city dwellers have sent in 110 applications requesting to fly a flag in honor of a loved one at the Veterans Memorial. One asked for the atheist flag, some for no flag, and most for the Christian flag.”
Atlanta Journal Constitution: “Across metro Atlanta, church campuses are becoming sanctuaries for cash-strapped start-up charter schools. The partnering has provided classrooms for hundreds of Georgia public school students. Charter schools save on rent and churches get help covering expenses.”
The Humanist: “The far-right lawyer group, the Alliance Defense Fund, has been the driving force behind these pastor protests. Based in Scottsdale, Arizona, the alliance is anti-abortion and opposed to same-sex marriage and boasts of having ‘more than thirty-five full-time Christian attorneys.’ The organization did not respond to a request for comment, but has made no secret of the fact that it’s itching for a court fight—all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, if necessary.”
Rob Boston of Americans United for Separation of Church and State, writing at Opposing Views: “The Alliance Defense Fund and its allies in the Religious Right were working to persuade pastors to endorse or oppose candidates from the pulpit during Sunday services. AU repeatedly reminded pastors and congregants that such actions are a violation of federal law. Under the Internal Revenue Code, all 501(c)(3) non-profit groups are barred from intervening in campaigns by endorsing or opposing candidates.”
Rob Boston writes at Americans United for Separation of Church and State / Wall of Separation: “[T]here are people out there bound and determined to use Christmas as another front in their misguided ‘culture war’ . . . Consider this column by David French, an attorney with the right-wing Alliance Defense Fund, which appeared on The Washington Post’s website. While I disagree with French’s views, he at least has the virtue of candor. He freely admits why the Religious Right carps on this issue so much – it’s a reminder to the rest of us that Christians (of his stripe) rule.”
WNCT: “A dispute over the display of flags in a North Carolina town may continue despite a city-backed compromise . . . The Alliance Defense Fund . . . say[s]non-religious symbols can be displayed on the flagpole as long as they’re on a list approved by the federal Veterans Administration.”
Cherokee Tribune: “Cherokee County School District students see themselves as caught in the middle of a legal battle that will decide the site of their graduation ceremonies. Students say they’re voicing their opinions in hopes the school board members tasked with making the decision will consider their views.”
USA Today: “Although Oklahoma’s law is the first to come under court scrutiny, legislators in at least seven states, including Arizona, Florida, Louisiana, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee and Utah, have proposed similar laws, the National Conference of State Legislatures says. Tennessee and Louisiana have enacted versions of the law banning use of foreign law under certain circumstances.”
Atlanta Journal-Constitution: “The group that wants Cherokee County to stop using a church building for school graduations says it will hold off sending letters demanding that Cobb and DeKalb counties also stop using sanctuaries. ‘We are waiting to get specific information about the environments in those churches,’ Alex Luchenitser, an attorney for Americans United for Separation of Church and State, said Wednesday.”
North Carolina Family Policy Council: “The council approved the ‘limited public forum’ policy, which was crafted with the assistance of the Alliance Defense Fund (ADF), at its December 6 meeting. Under the policy, the residents of King can submit applications to the city, requesting that a specific religious flag be flown to honor a veteran in their family.”
Bob Barr writing at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution / The Barr Code: “The ‘Establishment clause’ in the First Amendment to our Constitution is designed to prohibit state-mandated religion and to protect individuals from state interference in their exercise of religion if they so choose. Now, thanks to the misguided efforts of groups like Americans United for Separation of Church and State, this important bulwark against government interference, is being reduced to the absurdity of empowering lawyers to stop high school graduations because someone might feel ‘uncomfortable’ just sitting in a church for an hour in order to witness a totally non-religious event.”
The Sun News (AP): “The plan, which was designed with the help of the Alliance Defense Fund, a Christian civil rights group, is aimed to appease both critics of the original display of a lone Christian flag, and those who protested the flag’s removal . . . ‘Groups like Americans United for Separation have an extreme agenda that is trying to eradicate any recognition of our religious heritage in the public square,’ Infranco said. ‘I’m really puzzled as to how they could turn a policy that honors veterans into a constitutional crisis.’”
WTKR.com: “But Americans United For Separation of Church and State says the policy is still a problem. They say King shouldn’t be sponsoring forums for religious expression. The Alliance Defense Fund, which helped craft the measure, disputes that. They say non-religious symbols can be displayed on the flagpole as long as they’re on a list approved by the federal Veterans Administration.”
Atlanta Journal Constitution: “Cherokee officials say holding high school graduations in a local megachurch can cost tens of thousands of dollars less than staging the ceremonies in a secular hall with similar seating capacity. But a Washington-based organization is threatening to sue, saying that holding the ceremonies at First Baptist Church in Woodstock could violate the religious rights of those who are not Christian. A spokeswoman for Americans United for Separation of Church and State said . . . ”
11alive.com: “The group Americans United for a Separation of Church and State have requested the school district move the graduation ceremonies out of the church because it is a religious facility.”
Winston-Salem Journal: “King officials are expected to post the proposed policy governing the flying of religious flags at the city’s Veteran’s Memorial today on the city’s website: www.ci.king.nc.us/ . . . Under the policy being considered by the King City Council, residents can ask to fly a religious flag at the memorial in the city’s Central Park for a week to honor relatives who served in the U.S. military. The city also would use a lottery system to randomly pick the residents who want to fly a flag there, Joe Infranco, a lawyer with the Alliance Defense Fund, who helped King develop the proposed policy, has said.”
Free Range Longmont: “The Douglas County School District (DougCo) is earnestly considering a voucher program . . . Beyond the evidence that charter schools fail to substantiate their proponents assertions, American United for the Separation of Church and State (AU) has registered their concerns with the Douglas County school board on the religious school component of this proposed Option Certificate Program.”
The Stokes News: “[Joseph Infranco] with the Alliance Defense Fund backed the policy with strong words: ‘I understand how angry you feel. This is an emotional issue, but the events in King are not isolated . . . It wasn’t your councilmen who began this. Your officials are honorable; they were put in an extremely difficult position. They’re not attorneys. They’re just trying to do the right thing,’ Infranco said. The Alliance Defense Funds fights to preserve religious freedom but admits the law is ‘very muddy’ and unclear when it comes to this issue. Infranco recalled a similar case in California where the attorney fees alone reached nearly $1 million.”
Winston-Salem Journal: “The city would use a lottery system to randomly select the residents who want to fly a religious flag at the memorial’s Central Park site, [Joe Infranco], a lawyer with the Alliance Defense Fund, said during a three-hour public hearing about the policy last night at King Elementary School. About 100 people attended . . . ‘It is certain that not everyone will be happy about this,’ Infranco said. ‘But the policy complies with the legal guidelines and will not assist your enemies if they filed a lawsuit.’”
Winston-Salem Journal: “The King City Council will review a draft today of its limited public-forum policy regarding religious flags being flown at the city’s Veteran’s Memorial before it holds a public hearing about the policy later tonight, a city official said . . . The Alliance Defense Fund of Scottsdale, Ariz., is preparing the policy, Cater said. [Joe Infranco], a defense fund lawyer and Walter ‘Wrennie’ Pitt, the city’s attorney, will answer questions from people who will attend the public hearing at 6 p.m. at King Elementary School, a city notice publicizing the meeting, said.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State / The Wall of Separation: “ADF lawyers, however, just couldn’t let the matter go. They insisted that university officials had been guilty of selective enforcement – in other words, that the school had imposed the ‘no-discrimination’ policy on the CLS chapter while letting other groups get away with it . . . On Wednesday, a federal appeals court tossed out that claim as well. The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals said it was too late for CLS to raise that claim since the group hadn’t brought it up before.”
Institution Religious Freedom Alliance: “On Nov. 18th the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties of the House Committee on the Judiciary will hold a hearing on ‘Faith-Based Initiatives: Recommendations of the President’s Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Community Partnerships and Other Current Issues.’ The hearing begins at 10:30 am Eastern. Live video should be available at the committee website.”
Winston-Salem Journal: “Many of the foundation’s members are concerned that the city may allow religious flags such as the Muslim Crescent and Star flag, the satanic flag and Wiccan flag, all of which are recognized by the U.S. military, to be flown at the memorial, James said . . . City officials are working with their attorney and lawyers with the Alliance Defense Fund to hammer out the policy’s details, including which flags and symbols can be displayed at the memorial.”
The Wall of Separation: “As usual, the Alliance Defense Fund (ADF) is advancing a scheme to skirt the Constitution. Lawyers at the Religious Right legal outfit have come to the aid of city officials in King, N.C., eager to provide advice on a new policy regarding religious flags at the community veterans memorial.”
The Underground: “[Joe Infranco], ADF senior counsel told One News Now, ‘This time the furor was over a Christian flag that was part of a Veterans Memorial, and it was a much beloved symbol with the residents of the town. They did not view this as an establishment of Christianity. But of course the ACLU, always willing to be offended by any kind of religious expression, threatened them and said that some people could take it that way.’”
Winston-Salem Journal: “‘This approach should be a reasonable compromise that respects the rights of the citizens of King to honor those who paid the ultimate price to secure our freedoms,’ said [Joe Infranco], a senior legal counsel for the Alliance Defense Fund Inc. of Scottsdale, Ariz.”
Winston-Salem Journal Editorial: “We’d recommend caution to any municipality that considers entering into a partnership with the ADF. It’s a conservative Christian organization with causes, such as opposing same-sex marriage and abortion, that divide taxpayers. The ADF is defending the Forsyth County commissioners’ board in its wrongheaded fight for sectarian prayer to begin its meetings. But if the ADF can help craft a fair policy that saves King a costly legal fight, so be it.”
OneNewsNow: “‘This time the furor was over a Christian flag that was part of a veterans memorial, and it was a much beloved symbol with the residents of the town,’ [ADF Attorney Joe Infranco] explains. ‘They did not view this as an establishment of Christianity. But of course the ACLU, always willing to be offended by any kind of religious expression, threatened them and said that some people could take it that way.’”
Christian Action League: “The Christian flag may fly again at King’s Central Park Veterans Memorial, but not any time soon, and only after a ‘Limited Public Forum Policy’ is hammered out by city officials with help from the Alliance Defense Fund.”
Los Angeles Times: “The Obama administration upset liberals as well as the president’s two Supreme Court appointees Wednesday by arguing that ordinary citizens have no legal right to go to court to challenge the government if it uses tax money to fund religious schools.”
Update: Religion Clause has the relevant excerpts from the transcript.
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: “Remarkably, Acting Solicitor General Neal K. Katyal appeared before the justices to argue on behalf of the program. For some reason, the Obama administration thought it would be a good idea to join groups like TV preacher Pat Robertson’s American Center for Law and Justice, Jerry Falwell Jr.’s Liberty Counsel, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, the Christian Legal Society, the Alliance Defense Fund and others supporting this ill-conceived plan.”
Christian Post: “King City Manager John Cater said the 4-0 vote on Monday authorizes Mayor Jack Warren to work with the city’s attorneys, along with the Christian legal firm Alliance Defense Fund to develop the policy.”
WFMY News 2: “At Monday’s meeting, council voted to approve a ‘Limited Public Forum Approach’ for the memorial, which includes developing a policy that will recognize faith traditions at the memorial . . . The city is working with a group called the Alliance Defense Fund to draft the policy.” Read the resolution here. | Article includes video coverage.
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: “In a complaint filed with the IRS today, Americans United noted that Pastor Arlen Beck of Sun City Christian Center told congregants on Oct. 24 that he had prepared a list of candidates that he intends to vote for and placed copies of the list in the back of the church for their use.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: “In a friend-of-the court brief, Americans United advised the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that opposition to marriage equality for gay couples reflects the same baseless and inappropriate considerations that once were used to deny marriage rights to slaves and interracial couples.”
Christian Post: “Hundreds King, N.C., residents have held protests and camped out at the city’s Central Park for nearly two months after city officials were pressured into removing a Christian flag from the park’s Veterans Memorial . . . City officials cited financial costs as the reason for the flag’s removal after it received complaints from the American Civil Liberties Union, in conjunction with Americans United for the Separation of Church and State.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State / Wall of Separation: “[L]ast week, the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals . . . held the legislature had a secular purpose in passing the Illinois Silent Reflection and Student Prayer Act and upheld the law as constitutional . . . Not surprisingly, Religious Right groups like the Alliance Defense Fund, which filed a friend-of-the-court brief in the case, are hailing the decision.”
Pioneer Press: “A Hastings pastor who endorsed several political candidates from the pulpit Sunday has prompted [the Americans United for Separation of Church and State] to send a letter to the IRS stating the church has violated its tax-exempt status . . . Last month, some 100 pastors endorsed political candidates from the pulpit in an event organized by the Arizona-based Alliance Defense Fund.”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: “Americans United today filed a formal complaint with the IRS over the action of Berean Bible Baptist Church in Hastings. Church pastor Brad Brandon endorsed Republican gubernatorial candidate Tom Emmer and several other candidates from the pulpit yesterday.”
Andy Birkey writes at the Minnesota Independent: “A hundred miles to the southwest, in St. Peter, Pastor Stone says he’ll be endorsing candidates during services as part of Pulpit Freedom Sunday, an Alliance Defense Fund (ADF) campaign to encourage pastors to endorse candidates in direct violation of the law. ADF is the brainchild of Focus on the Family’s James Dobson. ADF hopes that the IRS will revoke the tax-exempt status of those churches that endorse so that it can address the ban on endorsements with its team of lawyers. The rationale is that churches across the country will be able to endorse socially conservative candidates for office, giving Republicans a massive boost in election years — all while keeping their tax-exempt status.” | On the contrary see: The Pulpit Initiative: What it is – What it’s not. | More information: ADF Pulpit Initiative
Iowa State Daily: “Gordon’s church also participated in Pulpit Freedom Sunday in September, a national effort organized by the Alliance Defense Fund, a conservative group, aimed at convincing pastors to endorse political candidates from the pulpit in violation of the current tax code.”
AU: “Graduating To A Better Understanding Of The Constitution: Public Ceremonies Shouldn’t Be Held In Churches That Hate”
Americans United for Separation of Church and State: “Isn’t there a contradiction here? Shouldn’t it be obvious that gay students and their families might blanch at attending a public ceremony in a church that actively campaigns against them and seeks to deny them full civil rights?”
Secular Daily News: Lynn said pastors should be wary of schemes promulgated by the ADF and groups like it. He also vowed that Americans United will report any church that breaks the law to the IRS. “The Alliance Defense Fund is asking pastors to take part in a reckless, dangerous and unethical scheme,” Lynn said. “Religious leaders should send the group packing and reject Pulpit Freedom Sunday.”
In the wake of “gay teen” suicides, leftists target David Barton for asking why homosexuality isn’t regulated as health hazard
“‘The only thing that David Barton got right is that gay and lesbian people do have a higher suicide rate,’ Barry Lynn said, adding that ‘this is only true because of people like Barton who ‘sow the seeds of this kind of bigotry.’